Tylose, Gum Tragacanth, Gum Tex- What are the differences?

This Blog is all about information on those gum products we hear so much about and use in cake decorating. I personally love Tylose. It’s less expensive, easier to find and great quality. But here is the info so you can choose the one you like the most. All of them are gums but as anything in life they will have some differences in outcome so your job is to find the one you prefer. I just did a tutorial to show you guys how Tylose helps change the texture of fondant and how to fix it to the consistency you need. Click to watch here.

Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC), is a thickener, binder and stabilizer in a variety of foods. Cellulose is the carbohydrate that makes up the woody parts and cell walls of plants. CMC is a thickening agent made by reacting cellulose (wood pulp, cotton lint) with a derivative of acetic acid. It is not absorbed or digested and is sometimes included in the “dietary fiber” on food labels. Commonly used in food preparation. It’s poorly absorbed by the body but if consumed in large amounts it can create flatulence. Something I would not worry with cake since we really use small amounts of it. The number for this gum is E466

Tylose is a namebrand for CMC. It’s the name I use mostly because it’s the brand I use the most. Tylose is found easier than other gums and the price for it tends to be lower. I have a preference on a specific brand of Tylose because I used others that I found were not of the same quality when I worked with the product. But like everything in life, we all have our preferences so test a few to find the one you like. But keep in mind that purified CMC is a white to buff-coloured, odourless and tasteless, free flowing powder. Less purified low assay types can be off-white to a light brown. I did try one time another brand and the color was less white and the quality of my gumpaste felt different. It was the last time I switch brands. Maybe I am just used to the one I use but I felt a big difference in quality,

Usually it’s often recommended to add 1 to tablespoons of Tylose to 1 pound of fondant. I will say that even though I add Tylose to fondant to create details, the consistency is not the same as if you do a Tylose gumpaste from scratch. It just doesn’t give the same texture or elasticity but some people get used to using it even for flowers. It’s just not my preference and if you are getting started making flowers I would not suggest it either. I think it’s more difficult. Even though you can make flowers from it, elasticity and feel is just not the same. But with that said, it works great for making decorations that need a stronger consistency or even if you need something to dry faster. Tylose works well in areas where there is a lot of humidity.

Gum Tragacanth is another gum. If you are looking for something natural this will be your choice. A bit more difficult to find and can be more expensive. Tragacanth is a natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern legumes of the genus Astragalus. To harden fondant some people will say it takes up to 30 minutes to feel the change in texture. It’s advised to leave it to dry overnight for the best results. It’s recommended around a teaspoon of Gum Tragacanth per 1 pound of Fondant. Something you have to keep in mind is that it will give a yellowish tone to white pieces. This is one of the reasons I prefer using Tylose/CMC. The number for this gum is E413.

Gum-Tex is the name for the gumpaste powder sold by Wilton. Recently I saw that they added the name Tylose to the bottle. I have been giving the numbers for each gum I posted so you can see that all products are not the same. Wilton used to call their product just Gum-Tex but now they added the Tylose name to it. But Gum Tex is not made with CMC. Gum-tex is made with Karaya Gum. The number for this E416. It’s made from the dried sap from the trunk of the Stercuila trees which are native to India. Yes it’s a gum, yes it works to make gumpaste but here is my opinion. The gumpaste tends to feel grainy and dry. It’s not my favorite one.

All of these are gums and most of them have recipes that work the best with each of them or people have created their own recipes to use them. Some of them can be interchangeable but you might feel the difference in the outcome of the recipe. I have a recipe for Tylose gumpaste in my website that works wonderful with Tylose gumpaste.
I did made a mistake in the video on the amount of teaspoons ( I wrote tablespoons instead of teaspoons in the video  😦 ), so do make sure to read the tips and recipe in my website before you make it. This recipe was posted by the company that I buy the Tylose from and I was told it was created by a lady call Jill Maythan. It’s my favorite recipe and I used it for more than 21 years and will keep using it.

All this gums are food safe and used in many food items in the market. So you can use them in your fondant. Most of them are Kosher but do check the product you use to make sure they do.

In the video tutorial I show how adding Tylose changes the texture of the fondant as I work with it. It’s pretty neat to see. I know I am using a bigger amount of the powder for a small piece but even though you can just wait and let the fondant rest so it hardens, you can see that it would be ok if you add just a bit more and you don’t have to wait if you are in a hurry. It really depends on you. You can save time by using more or you can use less product if you would rather wait. Most of the time I do this it’s for pieces that need to dry fast like bows or maybe things I need to mold. Since I know it will get harder as I work with it, I just work fast and when I feel I can barely knead it, I add more fondant to it to soften it.

I will suggest to play with it and find the consistency you like for whatever you are working for. Also keep in mind that it might react differently depending on the fondant you use. If you are using for example Fondarific, which is chocolate based fondant, it will take a lot more. If you are using Satin Ice, it will take less since it has no chocolate in it. So if you are playing with a new fondant that you never used before, do a test and see how it reacts. If you add too much to certain fondant, it can make it  dry, reason why I always suggest to do smaller amounts.

If you need to make a fondant that requires a lot of color, you can always add a bit of Tylose to it to avoid it getting softer. If you feel more comfortable, do a test first and see how your fondant reacts. Sometimes colors might change the consistency of certain brands of fondant. If you find yourself with a fondant that is too dry and cracks too much, add just a bit of glycerin. If the glycerin doesn’t help, try modeling chocolate. Add small amounts because if you add too much your fondant can get too soft and some people like softer fondant but other people don’t. To learn what’s best for you, you need to test what you like and all I can do is offer suggestion on things I use that work for me.

Once you have added Tylose or Gum Tragacanth to your fondant, you have to keep un mind that it will dry faster. You can store a regular fondant in a tub for months. But once you add Tylose to it, it can dry in a matter of days and that amount will change depending on how much you added. If you added just a bit it will last longer but when you add a lot, it will be hard as a rock by the next day. You can seal it in plastic wrap but also place it in a Ziplock bag so it lasts longer. You can also add more fondant to it to disperse the Tylose so it lasts longer. I prefer to do small amounts that I will use promptly and avoid having to deal with fondant that is dry hard as a rock.

I hope I have not forgotten anything in this Blog. It’s a lot of information but sometimes it’s better to have the knowledge than to deal with questions and problems that we don’t know how to solve. Hopefully you have some answers and this will help you conquer any problems as they arise. If you don’t have Tylose available in your area I always have it available in my webstore. Click here to get Tylose. I will post in the website under the video links to where you can find the other gums.

Click here or on the photo below to watch the Fondant Tylose Tutorial

I hope you enjoy the tutorial. Until next time TA TA!!!

Edna 🙂

 

 

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White Chocolate Fondant

White Chocolate FondantI finally did the tutorial for my White Chocolate Fondant. I love this recipe. The chocolate added to it makes the fondant pliable without being too soft. Since white chocolate has a light flavor, you can still add your own flavoring to this recipe plus you can make the fondant at the consistency you  like.

In the tutorial I give all the information you need to make the fondant. Without the chocolate, the recipe still gives you a basic fondant. But adding the chocolate makes it so much better. One thing I do want to make clear. Not all chocolates are the same, so having a good quality chocolate makes a big difference. I use White Chocolate Melts from Guittard. These are a compound coating but is one of the best out there. It’s really delicious and melts like a dream.  It’s important to use a good quality chocolate that is made for melting or if you use a compound coating, it should be of good quality too.

chocolate chipsI don’t recommend using chocolate chips since they are made for high temperatures and won’t start melting until they have reach 350 degrees. Plus the wax they are coated with doesn’t really make for the best melted chocolate. But I am sure some people will try them. Other good quality chocolates brands are Valrhona and Callebaut. I am sure there are other great quality chocolate companies out there that I haven’t used but I have used Guittard and love the product so I will stick to using it.

Since I  know there are followers from almost everywhere in the world, I won’t be able to test all the chocolates or melts out there to know the outcome of each of them. I did go to the supermarket and bought a few brands available there. They might not be the best out there but they are the most accessible to everyone.

Bakers

Baker’s Premium White Chocolate is a very common baking brand chocolate found easily in most supermarkets. Taste wise it’s less tasty than the Guittard melts. But I was able to use it in the recipe. I found out that for this one I had to reduce the Glycerine to 1 tablespoon, use 1 Tablespoon of Tylose instead of a teaspoon and I had to use more sugar. to get the consistency I like. Overall, it works well if you adjust the ingredients.

 

ghirardelli

 

The Ghirardelli Premium Bar for baking worked well. I did the same exchange of ingredients as Baker’s and I got a pretty good outcome. This one also used a bit more sugar too than what I normally use with Guittard. But just like Baker’s, the recipe turned out well.

My next test was Ghirardelli Candy Making for Dipping.
Ghirardelli melts

 

 

These wafers do taste really good in comparison to  the bars from Baker’s and Ghirardelli. I did stick to using less glycerine and more tylose with them and the fondant works pretty good too. From the supermarket brands, this one was my top favorite.

 

Next, I decided to test Wilton Candy Melt, these are a compound coating too ].
I did want to test them because they are easily found in crafts centers in the Wilton section. I tested these before the other chocolate brands from the supermarkets.
Wilton Candy melts 2My first try was a complete fail. The fondant felt grainy and was not elastic. I was not happy about the outcome. That’s when I decided to lower the Glycerine and add more tylose to the recipe. The second batch worked well with the changes and that’s when I decided to do the same with all the supermarket brands.

My suggestions are:
*Try to use a good quality chocolate or a good quality compound coating melt, it does make a difference. Use a scale to measure it.

*Make sure to melt the chocolate at a low heat or if you use the microwave, do it slowly. Melting the chocolate too fast can damage the chocolate, making it grainy and lumpy. If you use the stove, use a double boiler and make sure the water doesn’t get to the chocolate or it can seize. I will do another blog and talk more about this subject. Let’s go back to fondant talk!

The recipe I am giving you works great. I will add though, that athmospheric conditions might make a difference on the outcome. If you feel a grainy fondant, make the next batch with just one tablespoon of glycerine. If your fondant is too soft you can use up to 1 tablespoon of Tylose.

I know I will get a million questions about Tylose. Most of them will say, “I can’t find it Tylosewhere I live”. I haven’t tested the recipe with other products. I don’t like Gum Tex (personal opinion), and I haven’t tested it with other gum ingredients like gum tragacanth or CMC. I love my Tylose and I will honestly say, order some from the internet. It’s totally worth it! If you decide to try other gums, let me know the outcome. But remember, the recipe is made for tylose so if there’s a fail, you might have to adapt the amount you add.

Other things to watch out will be
* Don’t overheat the Corn Syrup. You want it warm, not hot.
* Make sure the gelatin blooms properly. Sprinkle the gelatin evenly
over the water.
* Don’t overheat the gelatin. You want the gelatin to dissolve and look clear.
* Make sure that when you start, you are gonna finish what you started. Fondant
won’t wait. It will dry out and be a complete mess if you leave in the middle of
making it.
* Work fast, the less air the less the fondant will dry
* Vegetable Shortening will help you with the kneading. If your fondant feels dry,
apply the shortening like it’s hand cream and continue kneading.
* If you have a fail, try again. Maybe you need to get a better ingredient or make
sure you are following the recipe. If humidity is not helping, make sure to lower the glycerine. It’s best to work in a room with air conditioner and if you have
huge humidity issues, then get yourself a dehumidifier. Sugar and heat don’t
mix so try to make your environment proper to work with sugar. You will have
a harder time with your work if it’s too hot.
* You will fail if you stop trying. So if you fail one time, try again and again.
I promise that it’s easy but you got to learn the process and what works
best in your environment.
* A scraper is great to use when you start kneading.

Bench scrapper

I did the fondant in the video manually so everyone could see how it can be done, but you can easily make this using a kitchen Aid. If you don’t like the microwave, use a double boiler. Everything is adaptable.

Once you make your fondant, make sure you seal it well in cling plastic and then place it in a ziploc bag. It will last just like any pre-bought fondant as long as it’s sealed well. If it gets hard after a few days, place it in the microwave for 10 seconds. I do that with all my fondants to soften them. It’s easier on the hands!

For the full recipe tutorial and tips for White Chocolate Fondant, click here.

 

 

I hope you enjoy the full Recipe (click here), and feel free to send anybody to my website so they can try it.
Until next blog….ta ta!

Edna 🙂

 

 

 

Best Macadamia Nut and White Chocolate Cookies

Best Macadamia Nut & White Chocolate Cookie Recipe

Presione aqui para Español

I love macadamia nuts. My father got me into eating them and one of my
favorite cookies are the macadamia nut and white chocolate. I had some
of the ingredients and decided to make some of these amazing cookies.

Not sure who is the original creator of this recipe since it was passed to
me by a friend. But there was nothing to fix in this recipe. It’s perfect and
delicious. I am adding a few tips so you guys get a great cookie.
Click here for the recipe.

Baking Macadamia Nut & White Chocolate Cookie Recipe

There is a science to baking cookies. I read over the years people talking how
they want their cookies softer, while others like them crunchy. But the most
dreaded issue people face is, why did my cookie spread and now looks
like a flat blob?

There are so many reasons why cookies can go wrong. One of these reasons
will come from ingredients. Too much sugar can make a cookie spread.
But one factor that people don’t figure most of the time is the butter. Margarine,
for example, will spread more than butter since it is more oily and softer.

Another reason why cookies can spread is from putting the cookies in a hot
cookie sheet that just came out of the oven. The heat from the sheet will cause
the butter to melt before it has a chance to set. So avoid placing your cookies
in a hot cookie sheet or make sure to move fast if you decide to do this. Just
have the cookies pre-shaped so it’s a matter of placing them real fast and move
to the oven in a snap.

Sometimes people use too much butter or oil on the pan that can make a cookie spread too much while it’s cooking. I use the non-stick aluminum foil and it’s a fast clean up, plus I don’t have to add anything. The cookies don’t stick to it. You can also use a Silpat, (non slip baking mat), which is really good for this.

Make sure that you don’t over beat your mixture. This only creates air and that air can cause pockets that eventually just deflate. I usually tend to place my mixture in the fridge. Since the butter in the recipe is used at room temperature,
I want the butter to harden up so that my cookies stay fatter.

Best Macadamia Nut & White Chocolate Cookie Recipe

If you follow all these steps and you still get flat blobs for cookies, you can
either use half butter and half shortening. You can use all shortening too instead,
but if you are like me, you might not want to give up the buttery taste. If that is
the case, you have one more option. Lower the temperature of the oven. All
ovens are different. You would think that temperatures should be the same in
all ovens, but somehow things change between one oven to the next. So if
you have tried it all, and your cookies are just not cooperating with you, lower
the oven to 300 degrees. They will take a bit longer to bake, around 24 minutes
for chewy and 30 minutes if you like them crispier. And this time amounts are just approximations. Since each oven works different, just make sure to watch
your cookies.

There are many factors that can make a cookie recipe go wrong. This recipe
I am posting has been tested and it works great. So if you find yourself with
cookies you were not happy with, try the recipe again and follow the tips above.
I am sure you guys have your own tips so feel free to share them. In the
meantime, I hope you guys enjoy this recipe. (Click here for recipe)

Until next blog, ta ta!
Edna